What are brainwaves? Learn about Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta Brainwaves

Posted on by in brainwave entrainment, Psychology

Why is it important to learn about brainwaves?

What research has found is that when you’re in different states throughout the day that these different states are associated with different brainwave patterns. That is, if you’re feeling deeply relaxed and peaceful or you’re feeling high, stressed and anxious, or you’re deeply focused and concentrated on the moment; then these different states have a different brainwave pattern.

This is important, because once you know what the brainwave pattern is for these states, then you can use various techniques to be able to put yourself in the state you want to be in on demand.

What are brainwaves?

Screen Shot 2013 12 21 at 10.59.41 AM 300x161 What are brainwaves? Learn about Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta Brainwaves Let’s take a look at your brain. Your brain is made up of billions of different neurons. The way the brain operates is that these neurons talk to each other. When the neurons do this they fire off little pulses of electricity. If there are millions of these different neurons talking to each other at one time, then there’s going to be a significant amount of electricity being given off by your brain. There’s equipment like the EEG machine that is able to pick up this electricity given off by your brain.

Depending on what state you’re in in the moment, then your brain is going to be giving off a certain amount of electricity. These are called brainwaves because of their wavelike patterning.

Let’s take a look at the four major brainwaves that you experience every day:

Beta brainwave

The beta wave which ranges between 13 and a 100 cycles per second is the brainwave that you’re in most of day. It is associated with waking consciousness. In the lower ranges just above 13, this is associated with concentration and alertness. Then once it gets over 30, this is when you would be in a state of anxiety or stress, also known as the flight or fight response.

Alpha brainwave

Range of 8 to 12.9 cycles per second. When you’re in this state it’s normally associated with the body’s relaxation response. That is, the brain will be giving off calming neurotransmitters. At the high alpha around 12.9 you will experience super learning, such as times when you’re engrossed in a book. If we come down a little bit, this is associated with when you’re going in and out of sleep, that drowsiness is associated with that change of consciousness, feeling deeply relaxed but you’re still aware of your surroundings. Then if we come into deep alpha, this is normally associated with meditations. You’re deeply relaxed and you’re in a deep contemplative state.

Theta brainwave

This is a range of 4 to 7.9 cycles per second. In this state this is associated with REM sleep. This is a time when we’re highly creative and our memories are being consolidated. It’s when we integrate all the experiences we’ve had throughout our day. It’s very important that we access this every day so we can integrate our experiences and make sense of the world.

Carl Jung described the Theta brainwave state as being the doorway to the unconscious mind. It is this state that Zen meditators can access through their different meditation.

Delta brainwave

Ranges between 0.1 and 3.9 cycles per second. If you’re experiencing a Delta brainwave, then you’re in deep, dreamless sleep. Carl Jung called this the collective unconsciousness. In spiritual terms, it’s known as unity consciousness, which sometimes experienced meditators experience during their mediation practice. It’s a time when they lose themselves as a separate being and they experience all of life as one vibrating energy field.

If you want to learn how to be able to put yourself in these different brainwaves on demand, then I suggest you click this link below to watch my next video on brainwave entrainment. 

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